NASA has put extensive time and effort into documenting their technology roadmaps. I think it would be interesting if we can map each of the sustainable development goals (SDGs) to the related technologies. As we begin this analysis, it can shed light on some important dual-use technology developments that we can create for this mission. If we can put a compelling case forward, nonprofits and philanthropists may be more inclined to help fund the tech as well.

See:
* https://www.nasa.gov/offices/oct/home/roadmaps/index.html
* https://techport.nasa.gov/reports
* http://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/sustainable-development-goals/