TO SPACE, TOGETHER
We are building a decentralized space program, connecting thousands of engineers, scientists, and future astronauts, to devise and fund next-generation space initiatives.
How it Works
- Initial collaboration is fostered through the community-driven curation of a portfolio of projects
- Requirements and goals are defined for the projects in order to guide the solution stage
- Community members are incentivized to submit open-source action plans through a competitive “request for proposals” process
- Action plans are vetted using a transparent decision-making process
- The best proposal for each project will be added to a digital commons, with alternates archived
- Everyone will have access to these shared commons and will be enabled to take action
- Funds are collectively raised to support the development, testing, and launch of top action plans
- Jobs are created and work contracts are assigned based on solution proposals
- Collaborative research and shared visions become realities
- Contributions are rewarded upon commercial adoption of solutions seeded from the digital commons
This thread is created to spark off the defining the mission objectives for Luna City. (Note: I edited the title/body to reflect that we are in the mission objective definition phase)
We need to explore whether NASA's Deep Space Gateway is complementary or orthoganol to a Lunar City. I can do the necessary research to fulfill this.
Historically nation states have correlated particular pieces of land with particular ethnic and religious groups. This has led to endless fighting and confusion. Since space colonies will be formed on pieces of land without histories, I propose that we attempt to prevent the formation of traditional nation states and their related complications. I propose we do this using the following methods: The top or "federal level" should be a direct or delegative democracy with public records (e.g. blockchain) All land and natural resources are owned by the “federal government” where the resources are sold by the government and the land is rented by the government. Those wishing to extract resources must also rent the land while they are extracting resources. Land rent could be the sole tax at the "federal level”. The rent should include one rate for the width and length of the land used and one rate for the height of the land use. A lower rate for height should encourage conserving ground space and building upwards. Land declared a historical site could exist rent free. Instead of a fixed number of states with a fixed allotment of land, states can be formed as virtual entities that rent land. Even discontinuous pieces of land can be rented to a single state. The dynamic, discontinuous nature of land rents should encourage physical integration. The set of states should be very dynamic and states should be easy to form, dissolve, and merge. States can set their own rules for membership, however, there MUST ALWAYS BE A STATE THAT DOES NOT DISCRIMINATE IN MEMBERSHIP BASED ON STATUS IN PROTECTED CLASSES. This integrated state must be easy to join and perhaps only be allowed to discriminate based on criminal record - where criminals can be given opportunities to reform. Protected classes might include: race, gender, sexual orientation, nation of origin, religion, and disability. If such an integrated state does not exist, member states may be required to abandon discriminatory practices until such a state forms. There may also be a need for emergency injunctions in cases where someone being excluded from participation in a state may lead with high probability to significant harm. States should not be allowed to eject existing members, based on status in a protected class, should their rules for membership change. States that use public infrastructure should not be able to discriminate against customers who visit businesses that use public infrastructure. Public infrastructure could include things like internet access, water, sewage, and public roads. States should not be allowed to discriminate amongst their own citizens in employment or when patronizing businesses. Exceptions could be made for official religious organizations. "Federal Level" rules should define one's obligations when traveling to pieces of land under the control of foreign states. I propose these rules be easy to understand and be based on the harm principle. States should be governed by direct or delegative democracies with public records (e.g. blockchain) Multiple citizenship should be allowed. The only aristocracy allowed should be those with no special political power, meaning a single vote per citizen. Perhaps aristocrats could exist as a kind of celebrity with the purpose of transmitting and proposing adjustments to their state's culture from generation to generation. All states are encouraged to benefit the general community by offering open source designs for things like buildings, furniture, clothing and detailed plans for festivals or other cultural events. Special federal level subsidies could be available only to those states that publish open source designs (perhaps in proportion to how often those design are accessed). Special federal level subsidies could be made available only to those states that do not discriminate on membership based on status in protected classes. Land could be directly rented from the Federal level by an individual without having to sub-rent from a state. Independent citizens of the Federation may not be required to join or form a state. Why form a state? States could negotiate a fixed price, long term lease from the Federation and make the land available to its citizens under its own rules. States could also levy their own taxes and have rules regulating business and housing developments that are in addition to the Federal Level rules. Earth nations and religions may wish to have a state presence for transmitting their traditions and as a matter of pride. States might also provide special benefits to its citizens such as subsidies and Universal Guaranteed Incomes. If the "Federal Level" is implemented as a distributed computing process where there is no dedicated federal land or buildings, then I propose the collection of states be called an "integration" as opposed to a "federation". Some rules might be enforced by the Integration by withholding part of a Universal Guaranteed Income from a guilty party, where the Universal Guaranteed Income is derived from the land use rents and sale of natural resources. Perhaps someday there will be something like this on Mars - "Mars Integrated Republics" or MIR? "Mir" means both "world" and "peace" in Russian. It could also be a tribute to the Cosmists.
Several groups including NASA, Elon Musk and others hope to take people to Mars in the next five to ten years. If we get there it will be to stay for extended periods. People will also have to eat there and what is more logical than to grow your own food locally? Back in March, scientists from the Netherlands’ Wageningen University (http://www.wur.nl/en.htm) successfully grew ten different crops in Mars-like soil provided by NASA. But there was a catch: they couldn’t eat the food. They worried it contained heavy metals like cadmium and lead, which were present in the Mars soil stimulant. Well, good news: further research determined at least four of the crops do not contain dangerous heavy metal levels and are therefore edible, getting us one step closer to life on the Red Planet. The Wageningen team, led by ecologist Wieger Wamelink, tested radishes, tomatoes, rye, and peas. They tested the crops for cadmium, lead, aluminium, nickel, copper, chrome, iron, arsenic, manganese, and zinc. None of those compounds appeared in dangerous levels, and Wamelink said the results are “very promising.” Some of the heavy metal concentrations detected in the food were even less than those found in plants cultivated in regular potting soil. The plants were also tested for vitamins, alkaloids, and flavonoids. Whats in Mars Soil? (http://space.coop/workshop/wims.html) The five most abundant ingredients, account for almost 90% of the dirt taken from Mars samples are as follows: SiO2 - 49.5% Fe2O3 - 17.9% Al2O3 - 7.2% MgO - 7.7% CaO - 6.7% The Phoenix Mars Lander measured the pH of martian soil in one area, and it measured at an alkaline 8 or 9. That’s a level habitable by a broad spectrum of microbes and plant life. The soil, near Mars’s north pole, also contains ions such as calcium and chloride, as well as water-bearing minerals, at least in the first few centimeters below the surface. Moderately Alkaline Soil Plants: The following crops will tolerate a pH of 6.0 to 7.0 or greater: Artichoke (6.5-7.5) Arugula (6.5-7.5) Asparagus (6.0-8.0) Bean, pole (6.0-7.5) Bean, lima (6.0-7.0) Beet (6.0-7.5) Broccoli (6.0-7.0) Broccoli rabe (6.5-7.5) Brussels sprouts (6.0-7.5) Cabbage (6.0-7.5) Cantaloupe (6.0-7.5) Cauliflower (6.0-7.5) Celery (6.0-7.0) Chinese cabbage (6.0-7.5) Celeriac (6.0-7.0) Celery (6.0-7.0) Chinese cabbage (6.0-7.5) Chive (6.0-7.0) Cilantro (6.0-6.7) Claytonia (6.5-7.0) Collard (6.5-7.5) Cress (6.0-7.0) Endive/escarole (6.0-7.0) Fennel (6.0-6.7) Gourd (6.5-7.5) Horseradish (6.0-7.0) Jerusalem Artichoke/Sunchoke (6.7-7.0) Kale (6.0-7.5) Kohlrabi (6.0-7.5) Leek (6.0-8.0) Lettuce (6.0-7.0) Marjoram (6.0-8.0) Mizuna (6.5-7.0) Mustard (6.0-7.5) Okra (6.0-7.5) Onion (6.0-7.0) Oregano (6.0-7.0) Pak choi (6.5-7.0) Parsnip (5.5-7.5) Pea (6.0-7.5) Radicchio (6.0-6.7) Radish (6.0-7.0) Rhubarb (6.5-7.0) Sage (6.0-6.7) Salsify (6.0-7.5) Spinach (6.0-7.5) Squash, summer (6.0-7.0) Sunflower (6.0-7.5) Sunflower (6.0-7.5) Swiss chard (6.0-7.5) Tarragon (6.0-7.5) Tomatillo (6.7-7.3) Watermelon (6.0-7.0)
If humans are to colonize space, we will need large, human-rated structures to live in. It makes no sense to build an entire orbiting colony out of tin cans launched from Earth. Let's discuss some ideas for in-space construction to pave the way for human colonization of space!
The Space Decentral Network
One of the reasons I like the project is the caliber of the founding team. They are driven, well-credentialed, and bring accomplished domain experience. The project aims to be open to anybody, so I thought a good idea would be for those of us lacking domain experience to get up to speed on the fundamentals and the language. Here are some free courses from some very well respected Universities all over the world. These courses are all 100% free, online, and time efficient, with many lectures broken down into 15-25 minute increments that can be squeezed into spare time. I'm halfway through the Princeton Bitcoin classes and highly enjoying it, and alot of technical lightbulbs are clicking. Add any class links you might find helpful. Space Introduction to Aerospace Engineering: Astronautics and Human Spaceflight Spaceflight is exciting, and you don’t have to be a “Rocket Scientist” to share in the excitement! 16.00x makes the basics of spaceflight accessible to everyone. https://www.edx.org/course/introduction-aerospace-engineering-mitx-16-00x-1 The Conquest of Space: Space Exploration and Rocket Science Explore the history of space travel and learn the basics of aerospace engineering. https://www.edx.org/course/the-conquest-of-space-space-exploration-and-rocket-science Space Mission Design and Operations Learn the concepts used in the design of space missions, manned or unmanned, and operations, based on the professional experience of the lecturer. https://www.edx.org/course/space-mission-design-and-operations-0 Blockchain Bitcoin and Cryptocurrency Technologies To really understand what is special about Bitcoin, we need to understand how it works at a technical level. https://www.coursera.org/learn/cryptocurrency Blockchain for Business - An Introduction to Hyperledger Technologies A primer to blockchain and distributed ledger technologies. Learn how to start building blockchain applications with Hyperledger frameworks. https://www.edx.org/course/blockchain-business-introduction-linuxfoundationx-lfs171x IBM Blockchain Foundation for Developers The first part of this course covers basic concepts of blockchain, and no programming skills are required. If you're a software developer and new to blockchain, this is the course for you. Several experienced IBM blockchain developer advocates will lead you through a series of videos that describe high-level concepts, components, and strategies on building blockchain business networks. https://www.coursera.org/learn/ibm-blockchain-essentials-for-developers Emerging Technology Industry 4.0: How to Revolutionize your Business An introduction to the fourth industrial revolution, it's major systems and technologies and how new products and services will impact business and society. https://www.edx.org/course/industry-4-0-how-revolutionize-business-hkpolyux-i4-0x New Technologies for Business Leaders From Blockchain over Artificial Intelligence to Virtual Reality technologies: This course will empower business leaders to bring the state of the art information technologies into their organizations to improve client and customer engagement and ultimately the bottom line of their businesses. https://www.coursera.org/learn/new-technologies-business-leaders